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The Final RICK STANLEY LEGAL MEMO by attorney Peter Mancus
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Gun News

Letter from Randy Neugebauer
Read the letter

Whack'em & Stack'em- Dealing With That Deadly 2x4By J.J. Johnson
Read the article

GOOGLE ! Makes Direct Assault on The US Constitution
Read the article

JUSTICE By Samantha Levine
Read the article

Wannabe hero begs for help
Read the article

Deputy Quits After Filmed Threatening To Shoot Students
Read the article

A Firearms Definition List By William R. Dietrick
Read the article

[VeteransRights] [ALERT] Support DC Gun Rights Legislation
Read the article

Armed Females Action Alert!
Read the article

Reject Renewal of Feinstein-Schumer Gun-Control Act
Read the article

"Well-trained Officer" Negligently Shoots Self
Read the article

Girl shot by cousin using Hendry deputy sheriff's gun
Read the article

A Conversion by Joseph M. Pickett
Read the article

My Home Defense by Ben L. Sechrist
Read the article

You Must Be Nuts To Want A Gun by Larry Pratt
Read the article

Disarming the Victim...Downunder
Read the article

Ron Paul-Reject UN Gun Control
Read the article

Dumb Diane Carman Whines For Utopia Without Guns...
Read the article

First They Came for the Fascists... by Gerry Spence
Read the article

Licensing Of Gun Owners- Tool Of Control
Read the article

No Gun Laws - Period By Lewis J. Goldberg
Read the article

Meaning And Intent Of Words In Constitution...
Read the article

Alert- Big Brother In Your Holster- Your Help Needed In Chicago
Read the article

We Want Our Rifles Back!
Read the article

Australian Firearm Laws Have Been Strengthened
Read the article

The Best Security Is A Well-Armed Citizenry by Lee R. Shelton IV
Read the article

Musician's fingers cut off in attack
Read the article

Aftermath News Roundup 7-24-03
Read the article

Crime Doesn't Pay! by Mike Straw
Read the article

Second amendment quotations you can use.
Read the article

Dr. Laura tells her listeners she's decided to pack a gun
Read the article

Arrogant social fascist facilitates own demise
Read the article

Attention All Californians- Schwarzenegger Wrong for Gun Owners, Wrong for CA.
Read the article

Armed Bureaucrats Act Like Cowards by Steven Greenhut
Read the article

The Battle of Athens, Tennessee
Read the article

Testimony on the Second Amendment
Read the article

Read the article

1995 U.S. Dept of Justice advanced release re-Handguns Used in Crime
Read the article

The Gun-Control Tide Is Turning
Read the article

Liberty, Safety & The Second Amendment by Jennifer Freeman
Read the article

Supreme Court acknowledges RKBA......
Read the article

The anti-gun NRA
Read the article

Denver Police Union Attempts "coup D' Etat" On Police Chief!
Read the article

What News Media missed in Feinstein/Davis Assault Weapon Press Conference of 8/21/2003
Read the article

Why I WILL NOT Obey California
Read the article

Machine Guns Guard the Castle Doors By April Shenandoah
Read the article

Tennessee Memorial Resolution
Read the article

Idiots Get Raped In Denver At Gunpoint!
Read the article

We Must Stop This Bill!
Read the article

Customer wants 34,000 select-fire AK's shipped to IRAQ!
Read the article

A Closer Look At The Second Amendment By The Hunter
Read the article

Update On 34,000 AK-47's To Be Shipped To War-torn Iraq & U.s. Taxpayers Are Paying For Them!
Read the article

Gun Crimes Soar
Read the article

Update - Dependent On Washington
Read the article

Bushtapo woman.... shot in the stomach by accident
Read the article

A stroll in the park
Read the article

Top 10 Ways That Handguns Are Better Than A Woman
Read the article

GUN LOVERS: You've GOT to check this one out
Read the article

HR 2493 Nationwide Gun Buyback Act of 2003
Read the article

Take my gun? What a way to word it!
Read the article

Former Midland City Police Chief Found Guilty
Read the article

Omnipotent "Police" Report Boy Sadistically Shot by Evil Gun while Innocently Playing
Read the article

Concealed Carry News Issue #394
Read the article

Police say cop lied to hide gun fowl up
Read the article

Public Policy Leadership In The Virginia Tradition
Read the article

Celebrate Diversity
See the picture

Gun Free Zone Sign
See the picture

The End of Myth: An Interview with Dr. John Lott
Read the article here

Implementation of the United Nations Program of Action for Small Arms
Read the article here

We Know Better
Read the article here

Private Sales of Firearms Returns to Colorado
Read the article here

No permit needed to carry concealed guns in Alaska
Read the article here

Replicas cannot be shown in public unless they are sealed
Read the article here

Militia Taken Away From States
Read the article here

The Treason Lobby Wants To Grab Your Guns. Wonder Why?
Read the article here

International Gun Control and Tax
Read the article here

H. R. 124...To provide for the mandatory licensing and registration of handguns
Read the article here

Is the right to own a firearm based on the Second Amendment?
Read the article here

Why I Picked up a Gun - by Tiffany Hyatt
Read the editorial here

Why is Rick Stanley Wearing a Gun Openly On his Hip?
Read the editorial here

The NRA: With Friends Like These...
Read the article here

California Rifle & Pistol Association
Victimless-crime-laws; Do They Prevent Crime?
Read the article here

Defend Your Family - Go to Jail
Read the article here

Bush, Ashcroft, and
the Republicans have lied
to you once again!
"Read my lips. Don't watch my hands"

Police Abuse

Officer Charged in Sex Deal with Teen Defendant
Read the article

Officer who shot woman

Read the article


Chemtrail filaments- Minnesota
Read the article

Total Blackout In Italy Caused By Chemtrail Sprayings?
Read the article

Hi Guys...About Chemtrails?
Read the article

Chemtrails and Barium - absorption & inhalation
Read the article

Dynamite pics and a pertinent question
Read the article

Read the article

Chemtrail pic of the day
Read the article

Morgellons Research Foundation
Read the article

Rickets on the rise; Chemtrail connection?
Read the article

Fluorescent Properties Of Chemtrail Filament Contamination & How to Confirm Exposure
Read the article

Milwaukee, WI
Read the article

Escalante Woman Sounds Chemtrails Alarm
Read the article

Office Of Special Investigations
Read the article

Polymers You Breathe
Read the story

Microscope at 60x Central Oregon Coast
See the pics

Read the article here

Crazy flight pattern in Wisconsin - May 16, 2003
See the picture

Southern Ohio gets saturated
See the picture

The Chemtrail Smoking Gun: Proof of Global Atmospheric Geoengineering
Read the article

Federal Reserve/Income Tax/IRS

Notable quotes, nice collection
Read the article

IRS Letter
Read the article

Taking my own test
Read the article

Cuz We Said So!
Read the article

Taxes and We The People Congress, Inc.
Read the article

The Armies Do The Shooting So The Banks Can Do The Looting!
Read the article

Thugs and Defrauders
Read the article

The late great United States of America by Roderick T. Beaman
Read the article

The Feds Are Getting Nervous!
Read the article

The Direct/Indirect Thing
Read the article

Tell IRS to "Drop Dead"
Read the article

Irs Makes Chilling Proclamation.....by Devvy Kidd
Read the article

[We The People] Simkanin Pleads Guilty, USDC & DOJ Collude to Deny Due Process, Schulz on FOX News
Read the article

Transcript, USA vs. Verince B. Kuglin
Read the article

Kuglin Beats IRS - Transcripts
Read the article

Voters Slap Down Tax Hikes - Time for Tax CUTS!
Read the article

Cracking Down on the Truth
Read the article

Addressing The American People
Read the article

American Minute - September 24th
Read the article

Terry Lemons- Jack-Booted Terrorist
Read the article

No Safety Net
Read the article

The late great United States of America by Roderick T. Beaman
Read the article

EO 11110 JFK Vs Federal Reserve "Corporation"
Read the article

Taxman by the Beatles
Read the article

Taxpayer privacy- Joint venture between IRS and H&R Block
Read the article

Support The Private Tax Collection Provision
Read the article

I.R.S Was Not Created By Congress Which Makes It A Club
Read the article

Why Are You Paying Income Taxes?
Read the article

Tyrant Wanna-Be
Read the article

The Money Supply And You
Read the article

IRS Flubbs
Read the article

A list of taxes that we have to pay
Read the article

Pulling the Strings
Read the article

The Tax Racket.....By Ray Thomas
Read the article

Taxation It was a principle of the Common Law
Read the article

We Don't Need Income Tax....the Federal Reserve Fraud
Read the article

The Economic Consequences of Longevity
Read the article

WE THE PEOPLE v. The U.S. -- Two Questions
Read the article

Non-filer found not guilty by jury in Memphis
Read the article

IRS vs. Kuglin By Carl F. Worden
Read the article

Non-filer found not guilty by jury
Read the article

Jury acquits pilot, who questioned IRS, of tax-evasion counts
Read the article

Oops, I take it all back
Read the article

Gross Income vs. Taxable Income
Read the article

Illegal Astronomy Protestor
Read the article

WTP - Message To Bush, Frist, Hastert And Hyde
Read the article

A Woman in the Middle East
Read the article

IRS reorganization from a tax attorney
Read the article

John Schlabach Seizures and Levies
Read the article

Commercial Liens
Read the article

Where's the Fix?
Read the article

A Wise Friend
Read the article

More On The Tax Court Case
Read the story

Irwin Schiff
Read the story

Chapman Begins 60th Day of Fasting Since 4/15 today at noon CT
Read the story

Denial - by Larken Rose
Read the story

Daughter Killed by IRS and County Medicaid Fraud
Read the story

The Bankruptcy of The United States
Rep. James Traficant, Jr.(Ohio) Speech - March 17 1993
Read the speech

News regarding Whitey Harrell
Read about it

Court Bans Schiff Book
Read the article

Spread the RIGHT word!
Read the article

References for the Fed and IRS and more
Read the story

Chart of who "Owns" the Federal Reserve
Read the story

31 Questions and Answers about the IRS
Read the story

Congressman McFadden on the Federal Reserve
Read the story


Litigation Search
See the references

Uncle Sam Wants You!...
See the picture


Murder by methanol (Aspartame)
Read the story

MSG/Aspartame: Hidden Sources
Read the story


Harrowing playgound of St. Tropez
Read the article

Biopharming reaps fear
Read the article

Vegetation Change in National Parks
Read the article

GM crops gene leakage 'could wipe out wild relatives'
Read the article

Feds in Contempt Over Missouri River Flap
Read the article

GM crops gene leakage 'could wipe out wild relatives'
Read the article

Feds in Contempt Over Missouri River Flap
Read the article

PLANTS National Database (USDA)
Read the article

Population, immigration, and urban sprawl
Read the article

Smart Growth- America's Trojan Horse
Read the article

Wyoming: Forest Service buys easement to discourage development
Read the story

Orange lobsters puzzle Islanders, scientists
Read the story

The Great Nevada Crayfish Raid by Vin Suprynowicz
Read the story

Eco-logic Powerhouse 7/15
Read the story

Just for Fun

Politics(Good One)
Read the article

Government Job***I know this is true!
Read the article

The Administrations Goal in Iraq
Read the article

Wife's first hunting trip
See the picture

The Afghani-born Quarterback
Read the article

Working with the FBI (joke)
Read the article


Codex Alimentarius?
Read the article

WNV season reveals rash of polio-like cases/blood screening issues
Read the article

Destroyed for Lack of Knowledge
Read the article

Boyd Graves Article Appears In The U.N.OBSERVER & International Report
Read the article

Genetically modified foods much worse than previously thought
Read the article

Vaccine Injury Program- Briefing Paper
Read the article

Significant damage in rat brains following one-time exposures to cell phone radiation
Read the article

501(c)(3) religiously affiliated Advocate profits on the uninsured
Read the article

Must Read- Fluoride Stupidity / Population Control
Read the article

Rx For Control
Read the article

State can forcibly medicate suspect
Read the article

Whitaker v. Thompson- Can the FDA suppress truthful claims of foods & dietary supplements
Read the article

We made it! by Walter Williams
Read the article

Medical Help- please read and pass on .......
Read the article

RX For Control
Read the article

Medical Help- please read and pass on .......
Read the article

State can forcibly medicate suspect
Read the article

Whitaker v. Thompson- Can the FDA suppress truthful claims of foods & dietary supplements
Read the article

We made it! by Walter Williams
Read the article

What The Hell Is Going On In Kentucky?
Read the article

Military & Veteran News

Question posed
Read the article

Where are the Legions?
Read the article

Drugs & The Government

Customs Corruption on the Border
Read the article

John Carman and the Government Drug Ring
Read the article


AmDissident Voices- The Upward Spike
Read the article


J.R.I. Web Master Is Winning His Traffic Case! It Works If You Work It!
Read the article

Cornforth on Void Judgements
Read the article

Concentration Camps

Concentration camps-Where they are located in the Western Hemisphere
Read the article

More Order out of Chaos...
Read the article

U.S. Building Death Camps
Read the story!

American concentration camps by Texe Marrs
Read the article

Known U.S. Relocation Centers
Read the article

Borders & Trade


US Agrees to Take Many N Koreans Refugees. Up to 20,000.
Read the article

Vote On Mexican Government Id Big Win For Mexico And Illegals
Read the article

Immigration On Your Front Yard?
Read the article

US Names The Day For Issueing Biometric Passports
Read the article

Illegal Alien View Of US?
Read the article

New immigration publications
Read the article

'Army' to Patrol Southwest Border?
Read the article

RICO and immigration
Read the article

The Coming of Mexifornia
Read the article

Border agents irked at order to end stops on city streets
Read the article

Border Patrol Group Leader Arrested
Read the article

Protect Arizona NOW Initiative To Limit Illegals
Read the article

Republicans tell Ridge Mexican ID card a threat to security
Read the article

United Nations

U.N. Targets Local Churches For Eradication
Read the article

UN prepares to disarm 100,000 Afghan militiamen
Read the article

Journalists Warn of Global UN Crackdown on Press Freedoms
Read the article

U.N. building to lose submachine gun stash
Read the article

U.N. DDA New Publication- Disarmament in Conflict Prevention (New Buzz Words!)
Read the article

UN Worldwide Important - Alert- Stop U.s. From Rejoining Unesco!
Read the article

The UN HQ Bombing
Read the article

United Nations - Greatest Fraud
Read the article

Get Out of the U.N. Vote FAILED July 15, 2003
Read the article

Calling for a New World Order, Blair Seeks New Powers To Attack Any State
click here

Guardian Unlimited Special reports 'Torturer' safe in UN Kosovo Role
click here

UN "peacekeepers" torture a Somali child over a fire
click here

Anti-gun Statue at the NYC UN headquarters
click here

New World Order Goals
Read the article

U.S. Needs Independence From the U.N.
Read the article

Analysis: Annan and Bush at the UN
Read the article

Past Hot Issues

- Libertarian Threatened
- The detention of Jose Padilla
- Allard Ignores Fraud!
- Veterans' Voting Bloc
- The War on Privacy
- Re-examining Pearl Harbor
- Are you a Domestic Terrorist?
- 5 ways to prevent the next Timothy McVeigh

Volunteer Today!
Rick needs your help as all of our campaigns for constitutional freedom from government need volunteers. Email Rick Stanley at and tell Rick how you wish to help.

Standing Up for America
Radio Show with Rick Stanley
Every Sunday, 7pm MST for 1 hour
guest call in line: 1-800-433-1429
to listen, click here: http://www.americanvoiceradio.com
Sponsored by:
Stanley Fasteners and Shop Supply
It worked in 1776!
Leading to the "We the People Party" Coalition

click here for details!

Sentenced for Exercising Constitutional Rights, AGAIN!
Rick Stanley was sentenced to 6 years in state prison for "Influencing a Public Official" - 2 charges, 2 felonies. The case is being appealled to the Colorado Court of Appeals and WILL be taken to the US Supreme Court if necessary for clearing Rick Stanley of the "unconstitutional", unlawful and phony charges by the Police State of America. Rick was also ordered to pay $10,000.00 in fines and $8,200.00 in restitution to the police powers, for swat team protection of the two judges while Rick was sitting in jail for a few days of his 102 days served, for the original Thornton and Denver ordinance's gun charges, that should have been overturned when Stanley filed the pleadings in Thornton and Adams County, giving notice to the judges that SB-25, signed by Gov. Owens on Mar 18 2003, pre-empted the ordinances Stanley was convicted and sentenced on and ruled those ordinances to be NULL, VOID, UNENFORCEABLE and RETROACTIVE back to the original dates of each ordinance being enacted. Stanley's contention for filing the notice was correct and has been covered up by the judicial misconduct and illegal activities of judge Rose, Marshall and Quinn, under color of law. Rick is out of jail after 5 days of sitting in jail, from the sentencing hearing on Sept. 10 by paying an $80,000.00 surety appeal bond and paying $10 per day for the priviledge of wearing a GPS monitoring system, which is intended to prevent Rick from fleeing the State. Rick downloads the GPS monitor box once per day, which transmits the previous 24 hours activities of Rick Stanley. How does this prevent Rick Stanley from being a flight risk, per judge Quinn? Answer: it doesn't. As stated by Elmo Gatlin, program manager for Rocky Mountain Offender Management System, "Any idividual can cut this ankle monitor off, leave the state, and this system could not prevent that action. He would have at least 24 hours before anyone would be alerted. Leave the $3,000 worth of property which consists of the monitor and ankle bracelet with someone, so you won't be charged for the equipment if you decide to leave. We want our property back".

Update: Judge Quinn signed an order allowing the removal of the GPS monitor system from Rick Stanley on November 4, 2004. Stanley was notified on Nov. 16, 2004 and cut the monitor system off his ankle, on that date.
The appeal continues...

December 12, 2004 Update: the Final LEGAL MEMO FOR RICK STANLEY by Attorney Peter Mancus

" Themis - Lady of Justice "

oil on canvas 108" X 66" (274cm x 168cm )
please see: www.coolon.net

Greetings from the F Kulon artist's Studio.

As 2005 knocks on the door the opportunity to invest in what the world's leading investment experts call "one of the best places to put your money in today's changing market", is being offered to you by the Frank Kulon Studio in New York.

The fine art oil paintings of this well known and celebrated artist from Poland is recognized both in America and abroad as unique and enduring. It is art that will be known world wide for both its emotional impact and timeless expression of the human soul.

Mr. Kulon has been in the U.S. for twenty years and in that time has accomplished what most artists cannot accomplish in a life time of painting. This work is of a quality quite rare and will only increase in value over the years. For those who simply like the artist's work it is a good investment. For those who like playing and outwitting the market, it is the opportunity of a lifetime.
Quite simply Mr. Kulon has become very controversial in the past several years due to his unfortunate run in with certain public officials. The paintings which depict the likenesses of some of these entities are the subject of a long struggle and pending law suits between the parties. There will be a book and possibly a movie in the offing.
Of course, there are other subjects which you may prefer over the controversial work. All of Frank's work is breathtaking and is an emotional experience to view.
To view some of his work visit: http://www.coolon.net/forsale
Call the phone number listed there to acquire one or more of Mr.Kulon's masterpieces.

More Mancus pictures
click here: Cloud9 Gallery

CLOUD 9 PHOTOGRAPHY Courtesy of Peter Mancus.

Letter to Govenor Owens
By Rick Biesada, author of
Angry White Male and the Horse He Rode in on
click here for the letter
Letter to Govenor Owens on behalf of Rick Stanley,
From Lisa Guliani, of Wing TV
click here for the letter

Letter to the Judge
click here for Jacob Roginsky's letter

click here for Cornet Joyce II's letter To the Judge in the Matter of the People v. Rick Stanley


Click here for Rich Text original version of Peter's Electrifying Letter

Click here for HTML version of Peter's Electrifying Letter

Click here for Rich Text original version of Peter's Addendum

Click here for Text version of Peter's Addendum


Click here for David's Letter

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or of the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Amendment II

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security
of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear
arms, shall not be infringed.

MEDIA RELEASE: Rick Stanley Convicted of "Exercising Constitutional Rights"

Rick Stanley, Constitutional Activist, former U.S. Senate candidate, Enemy of the State, and self avowed extremist on the order of our forefathers of America, gave the following media release for your use: Rick Stanley was convicted of two charges of "Influencing a Public Official" on Thursday, June 24, 2004. Mr Stanley wished to thank all those who came out to support him throughout the week of the trial. The GATHERING dinner and subsequent demonstrations in front of the court, the court watchers inside the court room, were all geared to send a message to government, that there are a few Americans who KNOW the fraud, deceipt and lies of the government, that has overthrown America and is turning our beloved country into the Police State of America. It is now known that the birthright and heritage, protected and guaranteed by the Constitution, Bill of Rights and the Declaration of Independence, is over. In America now, the court process cannot be used to file a "Petition for Redress of Grievance", without being concerned that the language used, will not be protected speech. The government contention, that words like arrest, militia, and treason, are in fact threats, defy and boggle the mind. Words on a page no longer mean what they say, but in the minds of the government, will be "construed" and "interpreted" to show that they will make those in government, "feel" threatened. The government uses the judicial system to destroy American lives each and every day. I have tried to stand up to this "treason" by those in government for their "aiding and abetting those who have an agenda to destroy the Constitution", the rights that are protected and guaranteed therein, and for those who don't even realize there is problem in the government, because the propaganda supplied by the controllers of this country, is so very strong indeed. Soon, this Patriot to the Constitution of America and the State of Colorado, will be locked away in a state prison somewhere. I will have been silenced by those in government, who are destroying the Constitutions. They will have won another round. The case will be appealed to judge after judge, who are part of the judicial conspiracy to destroy the founding documents with deceipt, subterfuge and lies. Once again, this Patriot has been given another "guilty" for exercising Constitutional rights, because the judge's instructions to the jury, shield them from the truth. That folks, is the crux of the problem. Judges have made rules and regulations to destroy the "Constitutional Judical System" from the inside. Common law is now a distant memory. Equity law has replaced another Constitutional guarantee known as a "Common Law Constitutional Court". If you have no Constitutional rights in the courtroom, you have no Constitutional rights on the streets of America. What does that mean to Americans? Your lives are an illusion of freedom and liberty and you are living in slavery. God bless America.

Rick Stanley, Constitutional Activist, former U.S. Senate candidate, Enemy of the State, and self avowed extremist on the order of our forefathers of America, gave the following media release for your use:

"With the Passion of Christ and God as my witness", Rick Stanley says "fill em up." "I paid 102 days in the Adams County Jail for the right of every law abiding American Citizen in Colorado, to openly carry a weapon, anywhere, in any city of Colorado per SB-25, the Colorado State Constitution, and the 2nd Amendment of our national Constitution's Bill of Rights. That's right. I paid for that right with those 102 days in jail in Brighton, Colorado." June 19th through June 25th, 2004, in Brighton, Colorado, the "GATHERING" of gun activists from across America, will convene to observe the First Amendment violation trial of Rick Stanley, in Brighton at the Adams County Justice Center June 21st to the 25th. Rick Stanley was arrested, thrown in jail for 102 days in Brighton, Adams County, for exercising his constitutional right to openly carry a weapon in Thornton and Denver. After serving notice to two Adams County judges that his rights were being violated by the jail time, Stanley was arrested for "Influencing a Public Official", because he had filed a pleading to the Courts citing the unconstitutional actions of the judges, advising them that they could be arrested for this illegal action. Stanley has hired a legal team from two law firms in the Denver area, to defend his First Amendment right to petition the government for redress of grievance. Scott Reisch of the Denver Reisch Law Firm will head the team of lawyers from the law offices of David Calvert in Greenwood Village. Brett Davies and John Fuller from Calvert's firm will complete the legal team.

The group from www.stanley2002.org have decided to converge on Adams County for the "GATHERING," to support Rick Stanley in his upcoming trial. Outraged that Stanley is charged with a potential 12 to 32 year prison sentence, for the two felony charges of "Influencing a Public Official", the group organized the event to bring attention to the injustice of Stanley's arrest, jail time and new charges.

When told of the "GATHERING", Stanley said, "Fill em up. Fill those holsters with lawful weapons of choice. I paid 102 days in jail for that right, and I urge every American to lawfully exercise the right to openly carry a weapon in Brighton, Colorado during the "GATHERING." While Stanley is out of jail on a $25,000 bond and unable to possess a weapon because of the special conditions imposed by the court, Stanley will wear an empty holster throughout the trial, but urges the "GATHERING" to "Fill em up" per the state constitution, SB-25 and our 2nd Amendment rights.

Mr. Stanley went on to say, "I hope every law abiding gun owning citizen will come to this event in Brighton, Adams County, to show judges of this country that our right to keep and bear arms and our First Amendment right to petition the government for redress of grievances are "fundamental" rights not to be granted to Americans as "privileges", by judges operating outside the boundaries established in the Constitution under the fraud of "color of law." This event will establish once and for all, that Americans will not tolerate "judicial activism" or the "Police State of America."

Rick sends a pleading to the court - there was no threat made.
An arrest warrant by the militia was a ceremonial gesture because the militia has no enforcement of warrants at this time.

1100 Judicial Center Drive Brighton, CO 80601
Rick Stanley, Defendant
Party without Attorney
Richard (Rick) Stanley 6280 E. 39th Ave.
Denver, Colorado 80207
Phone number: (303) 329-0481
Fax number: (303) 329-0498

Case No. CR-2002-006386-MS
ticket no. 6006970 03CV0533

Notice and Order

This NOTICE to Judge Donald W. Marshall, Jr. is in regard to the Stanley's gun charge and arrest of openly carrying a weapon, in violation of Thornton Ordinance TRMC38-237. This ordinance violates Colorado Constitution Art. 2, Sec.3, by interfering with his natural, essential, and inalienable right to self defense, under the color of law, for the arrest, charge, and conviction against Rick Stanley. The signing of SB-25 on March 18, 2003, affirms Article 2, Sec. 3, of the State Constitution, and pre-empts this ordinance. Rick Stanley demands that Judge Donald W. Marshall, Jr., overturn this conviction of Stanley on constitutional grounds. Failure to do so will result in a treason charge against Donald W. Marshall, Jr. for failure to uphold the oath of office to defend the Constitutions, which this court has on record, and Donald W. Marshall, Jr., swore to, as a ?condition? of his office. This treason charge, will result in a Mutual Defense Pact Militia warrant for Donald W. Marshall, Jr.'s arrest if the following conditions are not met:

1. Overturn the unconstitutional conviction of Rick Stanley for violation of TRMC 38-237
because TRMC 38-237 violates the constitutional rights of Rick Stanley, under the guise of
?color of law.?
2. Return the $1,500.00 bond to Rick Stanley.
3. Return Rick Stanley's property which consists of 1 each Smith and Wesson 6 shot .357 pistol and 6 each .357 bullets.

This court is notified, once more, as Stanley gave Notice from the beginning of the proceeding against him, Thornton Municipal Court has ?NO? jurisdiction over him in this matter.

Accordingly, this ORDER is affirmed.

Rick Stanley


I hereby certify that a true and correct copy of the foregoing NOTICE AND ORDER has been placed in the U.S. Mail, postage prepaid, this 15th day of October, 2003 and mailed to:

District Court, County of Adams, Colorado
Judge Donald W. Marshall, Jr.
1100 Judicial Center Drive
Brighton, Colorado 80601

Thornton Municipal Court
Judge Charles Rose
9500 Civic Center Drive
Thornton, Colorado 80229-4326

Jacob A. Starkovich
City of Thornton
9500 Civic Center Drive
Thornton, CO 80229-4326

Rick Stanley

Defending Against U.S. Judicial Tyranny

After serving 102 days of jail imposed sentencing of misdemeanors for exercising the right to openly carry a weapon in Denver and Thornton, per his constitutional rights, Rick Stanley, who lost 37 pounds in jail and is noticeably thinner, bonded out after paying a reduced bond of $25,000.00 in his efforts to defend his First Amendment right to petition the government for redress of grievance and free speech rights.

The oppressive tyranny of the _Police State of America_, is an abomination of despicable proportions, creating the illusion of freedom and liberty, blinding Americans, while destroying the heritage and birthright of our children while we sit by, afraid of the shadow of a servant government that runs amok through the halls of the injustice system, that has overthrown a constitutional republic, our beloved America.

For Freedom and Liberty, I remain defiant. I will defend myself. I will overcome. I must prevail, not only for myself, but for the individual American who no longer has the courage to stand up to thuggery and demand that our Natural rights, protected and guaranteed by the Constitution, be upheld. So help me God. For information go to www.stanley2002.org.

Preparation begins to defend against felony charges of "Influencing a Public Servant," times two, in Adams County, Colorado, for filing a pleading in court per Stanley's First Amendment right to petition the government for redress of grievance, which is the highest form of protected speech, or used to be., before the country was overthrown from within, by those who would destroy the rights outlined int he Constitution, through the Bill of Rights.

On June 21st, in Adams County, Colorado, America's "in-justice system" goes on trial. Rick Stanley is the guinea pig, the one would dare stand up to the judges and demand his rights be upheld. A potential sentence of twelve to thirty-two years in the state prison system awaits Stanley, for standing up to the judicial branch with his demand that his constitutional rights, be upheld, each and every one, every damn time he wishes to exercise them, no matter how these monsters "feel" about it.

Rick Stanley remains defiant to those in government acting outside of the boundaries of the Supreme Law of the Land, using the color of law as a shield for unlawful activity.

I pray for the protection afforded me by my Lord Jesus Christ, because of my faith that God's providence will shield me from the injustice of men, while remaining a faithful servant and a child of God. I pray for the souls of my oppressors, acting as the agents of evil and tyranny, in their passion to destroy this American patriot.

America's Symbolic Speech
by Rick Stanley

Our Country's history, is rich with examples of symbolic speech, from fiery men who had principles, integrity, honor, and strength of character. Today, as in the time of our forefathers, symbolic speech is once again persecuted by the government powers, once again jailing those who would dare to challenge the authority of men, acting under the "COLOR OF LAW", abusing the Natural rights of Americans.

The Constitution of America was written by men such as the first mentioned group, not the second, those who would destroy this time honored document. The Constitution was born from the Declaration of Independence, after Americans had enough of the usurpation and abuse of power, from the government of the day, and as Jefferson quoted, "From time to time, the tree of liberty must be watered with the blood of tyrants and patriots". These patriots were willing to demand their Natural rights of freedom, self defense, and the fruits of their labor: wages and property. This Constitution was the culmination of efforts, by those Patriots, to forever bind their New American government within the boundaries of rule of law, the authority of the people to men and women who were supposed to have conscience, while given the authority to govern in this country.

Fifty six men of the day, signed the Declaration of Independence. Each of these God loving, Christian men, gave heartfelt and fiery orations around the thirteen colonies, which have been historically and affectionately called by America, "symbolic speech".

The first amendment of the Bill of Rights, now a part of the Constitution the last 212 years this upcoming Dec. 15, 2003, protects and guarantees the right of free speech, to petition the government for grievances and not by coincidence, symbolic speech, as well. Without "symbolic speech", freely made by men willing to stand up to greed, power, corruption, fraud, and deceit, America and the ideals and principles, espoused in our Constitution, would not exist. The Supreme Law of the Land would simply not exist.

Fast forward to America, today in the latter half of the year 2003, finding America gripped in the clutches of men and women, who have usurped the power of people through subterfuge, fraud and deceit, with their own agenda of destroying the Supreme Law of the Land, with the philosophy and interpretation that the Constitution is a "living document", to be ignored because "times have changed". This thinking permeates government at all levels and branches, from the White House and Congress, to state and local government and the lowest courts of our land, to the highest. Destruction of the Constitution and the freedoms guaranteed and protected in the Bill of Rights thereof, is the absolute aim of those in power today in America. The Politicians and Judges of this country, have stolen our Natural, Constitutionally protected and guaranteed rights, because they can. America allows this to happen, because our government controlled schools have stopped teaching about the "Real Constitution" and the duty of each citizen to assure that those in government, honor their "Oath of office to defend the Constitution". The controlled media is nothing more than a propaganda machine of the globalist international bankers, who arranged for our Politicians and Judges, to sell out America, in the name of money and the material things it can bring to them. Judges across America conspire to fool Americans into thinking they have Constitutional rights in the courts, with their carefully thought out speech to the accused before trial. These Judges tell you what your rights are, helping you to believe that the rights the Judge is "granting you", are your Constitutional rights. This is the illusion the courts create now in this country. It is another carefully crafted lie, maintained by all in the government to fraudulently steal the birthright and heritage of freedom and liberty, based on "rule of Constitutional and common law".

What America doesn't seem to grasp is the basic fact whereas, "if we don't have Constitutional rights in the courts, we don't have Constitutional rights in the streets".

Americans are desperate to believe their government is benevolent and is actually operating within the boundaries of their authority to govern. They conveniently forget that the Constitution IS that authority, and that authority IS the people.

So what does "symbolic speech" have to do with all this you ask? Not much, just EVERYTHING.

Since December of 2001, one man in Denver and then again in the summer of 2002 in Thornton, one Rick Stanley, had the audacity to "exercise his Natural, protected and guaranteed 2nd Amendment right to keep and bear arms on his person, openly, lawfully within his State Constitution right as well, while campaigning for the 2002 US Senate race in Colorado. Arrested, jailed, tried, convicted and jailed again for exercising rights. Rights are "NOT PRIVILAGES". In March of 2003, the State Legislature and Governor signed SB-25, pre-empting and declaring the ordinances Stanley was arrested for, as UNCONSTITUTIONAL. The judges in Denver, Thornton, Adams County and Colorado, failed to uphold their oaths of office to defend the Constitution and Stanley's rights.

That same Rick Stanley, sent judicial notice to the Thornton and Adams County Judges, in a legal document, a pleading, or a "notice" to the court. Many of you know this, as a Motion to the Court. Thousands of lawyers do this each and every day, in every court in the land. It is an accepted practice rooted in free speech, symbolic speech, petition for redress of grievance, intended to influence the judge to rule in the favor of the individual, who is forced to rely on the court, to have their rights upheld in court.

Judge Rose of Thornton and Judge Marshall of Adams county received exactly the same document, tendered lawfully by Stanley to the court, demanding Stanley's Constitutional rights be upheld by each Judge in Stanley's case. No threat was made, just judicial notice these judges were violating Stanley's rights and their oath of office to defend the Constitutions. The LEGAL NOTICE stated the judges were operating under the "color of law", violating the "condition" each of these men swore to uphold upon taking the Judge's office, which was a treasonous act, that could result in charges filed and an arrest warrant issued by the militia. The militia, is another word for the people, the authority for government. The militia and the people were in existence before the Declaration of Independence, the American Revolution, the Constitution and Bill of Rights. The people, the militia, were in existence BEFORE the founding documents giving the government the authority to govern. The people, the militia pre-date the existence of our servant, the government.

These two Judges, using their office, under color of law once again, filed felony charges against Stanley for attempting to "Influence a Public Official". They used their "positions" to bring charges against another citizen, under the pretense of another "statute", another law they have enacted that is unconstitutional, vague, and in Stanley's case, has harmed no one, no property stolen, in other words, just another victimless "crime against the state". The legislatures at the state and federal levels have made thousands of these victimless crimes against the state, to control and relieve citizens of their money and property. The judicial branch of government continues the charade of a "justice system", by systematically enacting their own rules and regulations, effectively creating law, to exploit the system for their own gain as well. The creation of private jails, corporations that charge for "classes", electronic monitoring, and a host of other "services" for the citizen unlucky enough to be caught up in this injustice system must pay for or back to the jails again. A majority of the crimes committed have no victim and in fact would not have been a "crime" one hundred years ago. Judges hide behind corporations, raking in profit, based on their decisions.

Stanley and his case, are a barometer of how corrupt and fraudulent America's judicial system and government have become. When an honest man can be tossed in jail on the word of another, charged with the "crime" of filing a pleading with the court to "influence a public official", forced to pay an attorney thousands of dollars to defend against this fraudulent charge on top of the others it stems from, as well as pay a $50,000 bond times two, for two identical pleadings to two judges for the same issue, when the bond was only supposed to be $5,000 each, now a total of $100,000, it can only be a matter of time before it will happen to you.

Yes, the system is irretrievably broken, as stated by a federal judge in this very same year of 2003 at a speech in one of our country's finest eastern law schools. The Police State of America is here. Funny that the media in Colorado, made fun of Stanley, for making exactly that prediction, made during the US Senate Campaign in 2001 and 2002 in Colorado.

Or is it funny?

Symbolic free speech is now a crime. Last few years, several people have been jailed for "thought crimes". Every one of the ten Bill of Rights is violated each and every day against American citizens, by the Police State of America.

Patrick Henry said, "Give me liberty or give me death.".

Ben Franklin said, "We gave you a republic, now see if you can keep it.".

America has been socialized, communized, politically corrected, and now tyrannized by fascist policies similar to what the citizens of Nazi Germany only began to experience in the 30's and early 40's of the last century. America has been told since the Thirties, that our country is a Democracy. The government and media have reinforced that point over and over, through the use of their propaganda techniques and America suffers in ignorance. The people no longer have the courage, or will to resist, the tyranny of the government that has overthrown America.

These thoughts continue to dominate my days, as I sit in jail, day after day. I am a convicted American who had the audacity to exercise his rights. I am an American grandfather, business owner and entrepreneur, property owner, husband and now citizen without rights, under the total control of the Police State. I have new felony charges with 32 potential years of prison threatening my life and future, hanging over me, for giving judicial notice to two men on the bench, legally, lawfully and Constitutionally, so their ego and fraudulent treason against a citizen, can be covered up and tucked away in a prison cell.

Free symbolic speech. The right to keep and bear arms. The right to petition with redress of grievance. Our forefathers blood won these rights in the American Revolutionary War for Themselves, their countrymen, as well as for future generations of Americans. These fine men of honor, integrity and strength of character, must surely be crying the tears of sorrow, for America, as they roll over in their graves, disgusted by the acts of those who have sold out America, destroying the heritage and birthright of all Americans.

I continue to sit in the jail of the damned.

Americans continue to believe that they live in the most free country in the world, accepting the illusion of freedom and liberty. Samuel Adams said, "If ye love wealth better than liberty, the tranquility of servitude better than the animating contest of freedom, go home from us in peace. We ask not your counsels or your arms. Crouch down and lick the hands, which feed you. May your chains set lightly upon you, and may posterity forget that ye were our countrymen.".

Symbolic speech has a way of stirring the pot, magnifying the truth to epic proportions. How long will America sleep? How long before the ideals and principles of the Constitution are once again the Supreme Law of the Land, not just in word, but in deed? Where is the courage of the American patriot?

I pray to the Lord each day for the deliverance of the American people from the fascist tyranny of this "Democracy" that has overthrown America from within. The war isn't in Iraq, Afghanistan, or the remaining five countries targeted by the international bankers for America's military to be the spear point of their ambitions. The war is here, the real war is right here in America. It is directed at Americans. Americans will fill the jails, prisons, concentration camps of this war. America's sons and daughters, the fruits of their labor, their property and their ability to pay, will be the object of this war on America. Our forefathers are weeping.

While we continue to send our children to their deaths fighting wars for "security", those left in America will pay the price. What price you say? The ultimate price: Freedom and liberty lost.

Chained Freedom - An Article about Rick Stanley

By Rick Biesada

"The right of a citizen to bear arms, in a lawful defense of himself or state, is absolute. He does not derive it from the state government. It is one of High Powers, delegated directly to the citizen by the United States constitution, Amendment II, and is excepted out of the general powers of government. A law cannot be passed to infringe upon it or impair it, because it is above the law, and independent of the law - making power." - Supreme Court of Texas, Cockrum v. state of Texas (1859)

Now comes before the kangaroo court of Colorado; businessman and former Libertarian US Senatorial Candidate; Mr. Rick Stanley, charged with a pending, moot gun case, but also in court to be made an example of, for voicing dissent against the government.

Mr. Stanley is the founder of the Second American Revolution Militia; Mutual Defense Pact, and he is also a white Christian male, ripe for targeting by whithering government enforcement agencies, exhibiting a proclivity for intimidation and over zealousness, under the protection of color of law, as we've witnessed at such places as, Waco and Ruby Ridge.

Mr. Stanley was arrested the other day by a swat team, over a pending unconstitutional gun charge, to be made an example of, in a country with a precarious addiction to grant more rights to illegal immigrants, than to it's own citizens. Rick Stanley was charged with openly carrying a weapon in violation of a Thornton , Colorado ordinance, TRM - 38237 which violates Colorado's State Constitution, Article 2 Section 3, by interfering with his natural, essential, and inalienable right to self defense, and to the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution. Colorado law SB-25 clearly affirms the states responsibility to uphold the right to openly keep and bear arms, and states that local un-constitutional ordinances are pre-empted by this law.

The Mutual Defense Pact was formed for one reason: To hold the government accountable. Too many unconstitutional breaches and takings have been imposed upon the people by the very same public servants that we send to represent our interests, in this government that seems to have been turned on it's head. The original intent of our "government of the people, for the people, by the people," has been transformed into a smoke screened fascist dictatorship, because of complacent citizens, not excercising their constitutional duties and responsibilities, like Rick Stanley has.

There is nothing secret about the Mutual defense Pact, business is conducted up front, out in the open, not behind closed doors in secret, like our government. We are not a bunch of nitwits, most of us are veterans who have helped secure our nations liberty. We are businessmen, fed up with a corrupt system of government working against the interest of United States Citizens.

We are not radical anti American, humpty dumpty protestors, hell bent on destroying America - we want to put our country back together again. We just happen to love our country and want to raise our families here - not in a hermaphrodite society headed down hill by oblivious, untrustworthy leaders, and a tyrannical judicial system.

This is our country that these despots are messing with. This country belongs to the people; i,e; American Citizens. We our the guys who have proudly served our country in uniform; and those are our children being used as fodder, for your never ending political war.

We have been blessed with intrinsic rights by our creator, we are not subjects to be granted special privileges at the whim of an oppressive dictator, granting privileges to some and nothing to others. The governments fear of Mr. Stanley's influence is obvious, that's why they are targeting him for merely excercising his inalienable constitutional rights.

The entire premise of Rick Stanley's trial will be the basis for the original intent of forming this Mutual Defense Pact Militia, under our system of laws which we understand them to be, and which just happen to coincide with the same understanding as that of our founding fathers.

The big question is, in this predjudiced system of selective prosecution, will Mr. Stanley receive a fair and impartial trial? Will other American Citizen, Mutual Defense Pact Members be targeted by government parasites, and will our family members be picked off by boogiemen sharp shooters - just following orders?

It would only be prudent to think that Rick Stanley would fall prey to this corrupt system which breeds judicial tyranny and morons, like the queer judge, Robert L. Patterson, who admonished Mr. Stanley a few months ago; not to cite the constitution in his Second Amendment case. This judge claimed that the U.S. Constituiton doe's not apply to Denver Colorado, and I say that this nitwit should be disbared and kicked off of the bench.

This case against Rick Stanley is blatantly wrong and it is going to be watched by everyone. The message about targeting Rick for crucifixtion couldn't be any plainer.

This administration, with a dive bombing approval rating, better pay particular attention to this case and issue an order to sever these particular thug judges, out of the judicial system. It sure would be a travesty for them to come down on the wrong side of justice in this case of an American patriot excercising his civic duty and constitutional rights.

Now these judges are claiming that Stanley had threatened them, when in reality, all he had done was issue a constitutionally lawful statement to citizens to arrest these judges; Charles Rose and Donald W. Marshall Jr. for failure to uphold their oath of office, and defend the constitution. These judges know what Rick Stanley was doing when he issued that alert, they just didn't want anybody else to know that they are subject to punishment for violating the public trust. They like to project an aura of sanctimony, and being above the law.

That's what our Fourteenth Amendment is all about : www.billstclair.com/ferran. Read constitutional scholar Mark Ferran's article which empowers the citizens to enforce our constitutional right of life, liberty, and property that are expressly secured in section one of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. "Due Process of the Law and Equal Protection of the Law.

Civil Action For Deprivation Of Rights

"Every person who, under the color of any state ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage of our State Territory of the District of Columbia, subjects or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States, or other person within the jurisdiction thereof, to deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other, proper proceeding for redress."

The out come of this trial and for fair administration of justice is going to be tantamount in holding these feeble public officials who violate the public trust, accountable. It's time to play a little hard ball with these public servants that ignore or violate our inalienable rights, and take us for granted as they wallow in a judicial cess pool of greed and corruption.

According to Mrs. Pam Stanley - The Mutual Defense Pact Militia is "inactive" now, and she requests that no member do anything that may impede a fair trial for her husband. So do I, and I would also like to preface the fact that this inactivity is not a sign of fear or weakness on theMutual Defense Pacts part, but for a time of rational thinking, and a show of unity, as most of us have already took that oath about protecting our country against enemies; both foreign and domestic.

For any readers not familiar with Mr. Stanley's plight you can access his web site at www.stanley2002.org. If you believe he has been the victim of wrong doing and would like to excercise your civic duty; sign the petition: Right To Bear Arms to the Colorado Officials at www.lewisnews.com and take a moment to read the editors note at the bottom of the page. You can also find all of the contact information for the Colorado Governor, Bill Owens, and for the mayors involved, John Hickenlooper, and Noel Busck, if you'd like to write, call, or E mail them, as well.

Donations are being accepted for Rick Stanley's legal defense fund . Mail your donations to Pam Stanley at: 6280 East 39th Avenue
Denver, Colorado 80207 - 1319

I'm going to start off by donating one hundred bucks for the defense of justice, and it sure would be good to see the entire militia do the same, or give what you can afford. Remember, today it's Rick Stanley being persecuted, tomorrow it could be you or me, or another targeted American Christian getting crucified by these globalist provocateurs, wielding absolute power in our nation of liberty and justice for all.

Rick Biesada
forth coming article www.federalobserver.com

Read the article here

A thought from our friend Sam Adams -- something worth reflecting on if you have a moment...

When the spirit of liberty, which now animates our hearts and gives success to our arms, is extinct, our numbers will accelerate our ruin and render us easier victims to tyranny. Ye abandoned minions of an infatuated ministry, if peradventure any should yet remain among us, remember that a Warren and Montgomery are numbered among the dead. Contemplate the mangled bodies of your countrymen, and then say, What should be the reward of such sacrifices? Bid us and our posterity bow the knee, supplicate the friendship, and plow, and sow, and reap, to glut the avarice of the men who have let loose on us the dogs of war to riot in our blood and hunt us from the face of the earth? If ye love wealth better than liberty, the tranquillity of servitude than the animating contest of freedom-go from us in peace. We ask not your counsels or arms. Crouch down and lick the hands which feed you. May your chains sit lightly upon you, and may posterity forget that ye were our countrymen!

To unite the supremacy of Great Britain and the liberty of America is utterly impossible. So vast a continent and of such a distance from the seat of empire will every day grow more unmanageable. The motion of so unwieldy a body can not be directed with any despatch and uniformity without committing to the Parliament of Great Britain powers inconsistent with our freedom. The authority and force which would be absolutely necessary for the preservation of the peace and good order of this continent would put all our valuable rights within the reach of that nation.

As the administration of government requires firmer and more numerous supports in proportion to its extent, the burdens imposed on us would be excessive, and we should have the melancholy prospect of their increasing on our posterity. The scale of officers, from the rapacious and needy commissioner to the haughty governor, and from the governor, with his hungry train, to perhaps a licentious and prodigal viceroy, must be upheld by you and your children. The fleets and armies which will be employed to silence your murmurs and complaints must be supported by the fruits of your industry.

Britain is now, I will suppose, the seat of liberty and virtue, and its legislature consists of a body of able and independent men who govern with wisdom and justice. The time may come when all will be reversed; when its excellent constitution of government will be subverted; when, pressed by debts and taxes, it will be greedy to draw to itself an increase of revenue from every distant province in order to ease its own burdens; when the influence of the crown, strengthened by luxury and a universal profligacy of manners, will have tainted every heart, broken down every fence of liberty and rendered us a nation of tame and contented vassals; when a general election will be nothing but a general auction of boroughs, and when the Parliament, the grand council of the nation, and once the faithful guardian of the State, and a terror to evil ministers, will be degenerated into a body if sycophants, dependent and venal, always ready to confirm any measures, and little more than a public court for registering royal edicts. Such, it is possible, may some time or other be the state of Great Britain. What will, at that period, be the duty of the Colonies? Will they be still bound to unconditional submission? Must they always continue an appendage to our government and follow it implicitly through every change that can happen to it? Wretched condition, indeed, of millions of freemen as good as ourselves! Will you say that we now govern equitably, and that there is no danger of such revolution? Would to God that this were true! But you will not always say the same. Who shall judge whether we govern equitably or not? Can you give the Colonies any security that such a period will never come? No. The period, countrymen, is already come! The calamities were at our door. The rod of oppression was raised over us. We were roused from our slumbers, and may we never sink into repose until we can convey a clear and undisputed inheritance to our posterity! This day we are called upon to give a glorious example of what the wisest and best of men were rejoiced to view only in speculation. This day presents the world with the most august spectacle that its annals ever unfolded-millions of freemen, deliberately and voluntarily forming themselves into a society for their common defense and common happiness. Immortal spirits of Hampden, Locke, and Sidney, will it not add to your benevolent joys to behold your posterity rising to the dignity of men, and evincing to the world the reality and expediency of your systems, and in the actual enjoyment of that equal liberty, which you were happy when on earth in delineating and recommending to mankind?

Other nations have received their laws from conquerors; some are indebted for a constitution to the suffering of their ancestors through revolving centuries. The people of this country, alone, have formally and deliberately chosen a government for themselves, and with open and uninfluenced consent bound themselves into a social compact. Here no man proclaims his birth or wealth as a title to honorable distinction, or to sanctify ignorance and vice with the name of hereditary authority. He who has most zeal and ability to promote public felicity, let him be the servant of the public. This is the only line of distinction drawn by nature. Leave the bird of night to the obscurity for which nature intended him, and expect only from the eagle to brush the clouds with his wings and look boldly in the face of the sun.

If there is any man so base or so weak as to prefer a dependence on Great Britain to the dignity and happiness of living a member of a free and independent nation, let me tell him that necessity now demands what the generous principle of patriotism should have dictated.

We have no other alternative than independence, or the most ignominious and galling servitude. The legions of our enemies thicken on our plains; desolation and death mark their bloody career, while the mangled corpses of our countrymen seem to cry out to us as a voice from heaven.

Mutual Defense Pact!
The Mutual Defense Pact has a new mission as of June 25, 2004. The Pact will go to trials and be court watchers, hand out Fully Informed Jury Information leaflets, and demonstrate at high profile judicial treason cases against Americans and their Natural, inalienable, Constitutionally protected and guaranteed rights. No roster of the PACT will be kept. Nothing to join. You either are in the PACT and wish to defend yourself and other Americans, or you are not.

Mutual Defense Pact Patch ordering information:

Please mail check or money order for $3.60 per patch to the following address- be sure to include a return address:
Stanley Fasteners Shop & Supply
6280 E. 39th Avenue
Denver, CO

"'Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances, with any portion of the foreign world...."
- George Washington (1796)

"Commerce with all nations, alliance with none, should be our motto."
- Thomas Jefferson (1799)

"I deem (one of) the essential principles of our government (to be) peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none...."
- Thomas Jefferson (1801)

"Enemy of the State"

Letter from Dr. James P. Hilton: click here

Trust us,
you know we'll always do what's right by you.
Trust us,
we needed The Patriot Act and now we need Patriot Act Two.

Trust us,
this has absolutely nothing to do with abridging everybody's liberty.
Trust us,
it matters not that the founders warned of just this proclivity.

Trust us,
and if you don't, you've got no damn right.
Trust us,
even citizens can be whisked off anytime, day or night.

Trust us,
secret searches, self censorship, and gag orders
Are not despotic.
Trust us,
if you question our motives you must be a criminal, unpatriotic.

Trust us,
you better join us now because the hour is growing late.
Trust us,
you wouldn't want to be declared an enemy of the state.


An American Epic For The 21st Century
by Rick Stanley

I can feel it, taste it, smell it.
Makes the skin crawl, all the way to the bone.
Bearing down on America and the world.
Like the Black Plague, only worse this time.
Feels like, the hand that switched on the Nazi ovens.
Something Evil, This Way Comes.

The kind of evil, that steals your children.
May come in the middle of the night, while you sleep.
Wearing black, malevolence shining light in your eyes.
Screaming so loud, mouthing obsenities, spittle flying.
Violence smashing in, ending tranquility, you try to hide your nudity.
Something Evil, This Way Comes

Takes what you give it, you think it is right.
What used to be right, made wrong now, just because.
What used to be wrong, is right, by default.
Steals your wages, your property, your guns.
Demands answers, when you should give none.
Something Evil, This Way Comes.

Which way is up? You always feel down.
Buried by problems, too much work, all with doubt.
Now you lost your job, company left town. Moved overseas.
You feel so helpless, where is God? What do I do?
Everyone you know, tells you, all will be right.
Something Evil, This Way Comes

Our rights, once carved in stone, all taken.
Government man tells you, all you need to know.
Where once proud, now the head is held low.
Trading rights away, for privileges. Rape for freedom.
No constitutional rights in our courts, what's wrong fool?
Something Wicked, This Way Comes.

Sirens blaring, lights flashing, injustice sown.
Cops killed another child, had to, you know.
Came inside twenty one feet, thugs have guns, your dead meat.
No charges filed ever, never need to see the truth.
Whitewash and cover-up, are the order of the day.
Something Wicked, This Way Comes.

Want to be safe? Homeland Security here.
Guns at the airport, but not for you. No defense for you.
Security check points, it is for your own good.
Our military is strong, don't you feel safe?
Controllers will liberate your money supply, pipelines, poppyfields, and oil.
Something Wicked, This Way Comes.

Politicians to the Rescue, they know better.
Who are you? You're just the people.
Pay your taxes. Don't complain. Give it up.
They make promises, sheep must be shorn.
Don't worry, lead them to slaughter.
Something Wicked, This Way Comes.

Protect yourself? What for? Cops do that.
Serve and protect. That's the motto.
Not anymore. Cops make revenue now.
Pass out those tickets, fill the state coffers.
That's not enough? Pass more laws. Rights no, laws yes.
Evil And Wicked, This Way Comes.

Where's the media? Nothing exposed.
Where is Bob Woodward? Bought and paid for.
Propaganda will fill the people's minds.
Politically and socially correct, this is your time.
Everyone is happy, no matter what, Big Brother is watching.
Evil And Wicked, This Way Comes.

Our money is worthless? How come?
Federal Reserve is a corporation? Not true!
Oh, but it is, and so is the government.
Money is debt and credit. What about gold?
Sold down the river. Politician's word is his bond.
Evil And Wicked, This Way Comes.

International Bankers. Laughing it up.
Stealing our assets. Giving us lies and fraud.
Social Security the perfect Ponzi scheme for the sheep.
Take it from wages. Trust fund to keep.
Sixty years later, it's all gone.
Evil And Wicked, This Way Comes.

We fell for it all. America dethrowned.
Our troops all over the globe, spearpoint, you know.
UN troops guard us now, in white vehicles.
Lurking in shadows, hiding for now.
FEMA builds camps, to house and make us safe one day.
Minions Now, Of Satan, This Way Comes.

They gave us the Patriot Act - Victory Act too.
Turned everyone into a terrorist, as darkness fell on America.
Waving your flags, stealing our rights, making more laws.
Once we were citizens, now subjects, comfortable slaves.
Presidents, Democrats and Republicans, saved the day.
Minions Now, Of Satan, This Way Comes.

America slept through the 20th Century.
We had integrity, honor, strength of character, and Mickey Mouse.
We trusted public servants, they stole us blind.
They live in comfort, while the people scratch and claw.
A new aristocracy, the Government of America.
Minions Now, Of Satan, This Way Comes.

How did this happen? What can be done?
Who will save us? We know this is wrong.
We used to be self reliant. We stood so strong.
We need more laws, more government, more.....
I think this is stupid, I won't take it anymore!
Free Will And God, This Way Comes.

I will stand tall. The line is drawn.
It is time to defend. End this charade.
Band together. United we stand, divided we fall.
I have heard of an answer. The PACT.
Mutual Defense Pact. It started with one.
Free Will And God, This Way Comes.

It happened out West, Denver it started.
Many scoffed. Most sat on their hands.
The messenger called. A website was formed.
The call continued to go out. www.stanley2002.org.
It grew. More came. The Pact was no longer small.
Free Will And God, This Way Comes.

Time went on. The Government laughed.
The Government trembled. They were on the run.
The people were gathering. God's People stood strong.
No one wavered. People came when called.
It finally started, one day in the Fall.
Free Will And God, This Way Comes.

The battle erupted. From both sides they came.
The evil. The good. From government. From "We The People".
It spread from shore to shore. From defense it came.
Deadly and triumphant, the Lion joined the fray.
The New World Order, smashed by God's Order.
Free Will And God, This Way Comes.


These photos are actual ovens used to exterminate human beings (Jews, Gypsies, undesireables, dissidents) in Nazi Germany, in the late 1930's through 1945. The reason I put this here for all to see, is for those who say that the ovens of Nazi Germany were a complete and total fabrication, by some Jewish conspiracy. It happened. There is documented proof. Let's not waste time on fraud, lies, and deceipt. This may be coming for America. The tyranny of the fascist Police State of America, has already arrived for many Americans.

There are over 700 camps across America built by FEMA with barbed wire facing inward and troops guarding the empty facilities. FEMA made an announcement in 2002 that these camps, which were authorized in 1988 by President George Bush, are for Americans who might be displaced from large cities, in the case of nuclear attack or accident. My question is, do you believe them? My next question is, why is the barbed wire on the top of the fences facing inward? To keep homeless American's in a concentration camp? Fascism doesn't require much, to jump from camps, to the use of ovens.

Rick Stanley

George Carlin waxes philisophical
Rick spoke in Texas at Counter Attack 2003 - you can read his speech here.

The Patriot Files: A listing of individuals across the country who are violating our civil rights under the US Constitution Bill of Rights, under the color of law! These people are traitors to America! Know them! Copy the info and pass on to other Patriots!

Unconstitutional Fraud Against the American People
The Unconstitutional Fraud Against the American People - View or download here in doc format

Over three hundred years ago, our ancestors left an oppressive government operating in England to establish a settlement in America. From the blood of our forefathers, the Constitution framed boundaries for the government established by and for "We the People." For the last one hundred years, our elected officials are ignoring those boundaries, and our Constitution has been buried six feet under the ground.

Our Natural, individual, sovereign rights have been stolen today by legislative, judicial, and executive "acts," at all levels of government. Our government is operating under "the color of law," in the form of agencies, such as, but not limited to:

  • Internal Revenue Service
  • The Federal Reserve Corporation
  • Social Services
  • CIA
  • FBI
  • BATF - Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
  • FEMA
  • War Powers Act
  • US Patriot Act
  • Executive orders
  • Asset forfeiture laws
  • Home rule or admiralty jurisdiction in our courts denying citizens a common-law constitutional rights trial
  • Twenty thousand gun laws
  • Permitting agencies that "allow" citizens with the "purchase" of a permit to operate as "free citizens."
And the list goes on and on...

America is not the flag, the rock that we live on, or the people who inhabit it. America is the ideals embodied through our republic, in the Constitution and defended vigorously by "We the People."

We The People Congress (givemeliberty.org) is a proactive, constitutionally - based, rapidly growing body of (citizen) leaders who are determined to restore our Natural rights to "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."

I am petitioning the leaders here to help us restore our Natural rights guaranteed by our Constitution, while educating the sleeping sheep of this great nation. It took only about three percent to initiate the freedom movement back in 1769. Are there three percent here who care? If we aren't part of the solution, then most assuredly, we are part of the problem.

Our founding fathers (during a constitutional congress in 1774) in an act, said "If money is wanted by rulers who have in any manner oppressed the people, they (the PEOPLE) may retain it (their MONEY) until their grievances are redressed, and thus peaceably procure relief, without trusting to despised petitions or disturbing the public tranquility."

"We The People Congress," are now telling Congress to obey the Constitution or else. What "or else?" No answers to our petition, no income taxes to be paid.



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The Patriot A List

To honor Patriots who do more than talk about standing up to those in government that are operating outside the law or under color of law

Newest Interviews by, for, or about Rick Stanley

Archive of Media Releases 2004

Archive of Media Releases 2005

Breaking News:

MEDIA RELEASE: Letter to Colorado
Department of Revenue from Rick & Pam Stanley: EXPOSING the Fraud!

Give me control of a nation's money and I care not who makes the laws.
Mayer Amschel Bauer (Rothschild)
(1744 - 1812), Godfather of the Rothschild Banking Cartel of Europe

The few who understand the system, will either be so interested in its profits, or so dependent on its favors that there will be no opposition from that class. The great body of people, mentally incapable of comprehending the tremendous advantages will bear its burden without complaint.
Rothschild Brothers of London

I care not who forms the government of a country, so long as I control the purse strings. -- 1984
Baron Rothschild

Proposed Law we Need from the Crest forum

Shocking Revelations About Immunity Law
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"Revolutionary Majorities" -- Part One
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Ashcroft Must Be Drooling
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"Talk Radio Show Prompted IRS Agent To Quit"
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WING Spotlight Interview: G. Edward Griffin (The Creature from Jekyll Island) by Victor Thorn & Lisa Guliani
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Invitation and Information on THE GATHERING - Dates, Time, Place, Menu, Costs, and Speakers
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Black Helicopters - Silly Conspiracy Theory?
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Why This Website Is Pro-gun
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The New World Order - Chronology
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Rick Stanley Will Be Guest On The National Intel Report Today, Tuesday, March 23, 2004 at 3:00pm MST
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Rick Stanley to Be Guest on "The Voice of Freedom" Radio Show With Host Brent Johnson March 26, 2004 4:15pm MST
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The IRS Has A Problem and Mr. Raymond Is It
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Breaking News
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Media Release
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Rick Stanley to be on The Alex Jones Show Today, Tuesday, March 16th at 11:30AM MST
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Rick Stanley To Be On Pastor Butch Paugh Radio Show Monday, March 15, 2004 at 9PM Eastern Time 7PM Denver Time
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Media Release
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Chief Justice Admits No "Failure to File Law" Even Exists
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Media Release
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From A Cop About Gun Control
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Rick Stanley and "The Gathering"
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Rick Stanley To Be A Guest On The Brad Forbes Show March 5, 2004
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Rick Stanley to be on the KEN HAMBLIN SHOW Today at 2:30PM Denver time
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The Gathering In Denver, CO June 2004 (with attachments)
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Rick Stanley to be Interviewed on "Declare Your Independence" Radio show with Ernest Hancock and Uncensored Radio Free Rhode Island with Rick Adams
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Rick Stanley to be Interviewed on "The Jim Dexter Show" KTKK K-Talk Radio
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Rick Stanley to be on V E R I T A S Radio Live
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New Editorial by Rick Stanley
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Rick Stanley to be Interviewed
on "Declare Your Independence" Radio show with Ernest Hancock
and Uncensored Radio Free Rhode Island with Rick Adams
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Live Interview With Rick Stanley on Veritas Radio February 5th
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The Colorado Judicial System - Mad, Bad or ?????
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The Dirty Laundry of Adams County Jail in Colorado
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Rick Stanley: Adams County Detention Facility
Rules Violation Hearing
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Summary Findings and Results of ACDF Rules Violation
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Read Common Sense II

On January 10, 1776 a pamphlet entitled "Common Sense" was anonymously published in Philadelphia. Written by Thomas Paine, Common Sense logically argued the reasons why the American colonists should govern themselves rather than be ruled by a monarch who sits some 3,000 miles and three months travel time away. Paine's little booklet sold 500,000 copies in the country when the population was 2,500,000, or one copy to every five persons.

Officers read Common Sense to their soldiers, teachers to their classes, parsons to their congregations. George Washington was endorsing its "sound doctrine and unanswerable reasoning." Thomas Paine contributed as much with his pen as Washington with his sword to the creation of this Republic. The reason his little book was so successful was because "it made sense," appealing to the person on the street. Common Sense II, inspired by Paine's pamphlet, is intended to arouse the insight and spirit of the true nature of our form of government . . . of freedom.

One hundred copies of this booklet passed out can become 1,000. One thousand can become 10,000 and10,000 can become 10,000,000. To duplicate the effect that Paine's Common Sense had on the American people in 1776 would require the distribution of 56,000,000 copies of Common Sense II. The American people are the foundation of our concept of government. The strength of that foundation is dependent upon our knowledge and applied common sense.

John F. Kennedy vs The Federal Reserve

On June 4, 1963, a virtually unknown Presidential decree, Executive Order 11110, was signed with the authority to basically strip the Federal Reserve Bank of its power to loan money to the United States Federal Government at interest. With the stroke of a pen, President Kennedy declared that the privately owned Federal Reserve Bank would soon be out of business. The Christian Law Fellowship has exhaustively researched this matter through the Federal Register and Library of Congress. We can now safely conclude that this Executive Order has never been repealed, amended, or superceded by any subsequent Executive Order. In simple terms, it is still valid.

When President John Fitzgerald Kennedy - the author of Profiles in Courage -signed this Order, it returned to the federal government, specifically the Treasury Department, the Constitutional power to create and issue currency -money - without going through the privately owned Federal Reserve Bank. President Kennedy's Executive Order 11110 [the full text is displayed further below] gave the Treasury Department the explicit authority: "to issue silver certificates against any silver bullion, silver, or standard silver dollars in the Treasury." This means that for every ounce of silver in the U.S. Treasury's vault, the government could introduce new money into circulation based on the silver bullion physically held there. As a result, more than $4 billion in United States Notes were brought into circulation in $2 and $5 denominations. $10 and $20 United States Notes were never circulated but were being printed by the Treasury Department when Kennedy was assassinated. It appears obvious that President Kennedy knew the Federal Reserve Notes being used as the purported legal currency were contrary to the Constitution of the united States of America.

United States Notes" were issued as an interest-free and debt-free currency backed by silver reserves in the U.S. Treasury. We compared a "Federal Reserve Note" issued from the private central bank of the United States (the Federal Reserve Bank a/k/a Federal Reserve System), with a "United States Note" from the U.S. Treasury issued by President Kennedy's Executive Order. They almost look alike, except one says "Federal Reserve Note" on the top while the other says "United States Note". Also, the Federal Reserve Note has a green seal and serial number while the United States Note has a red seal and serial number.

President Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963 and the United States Notes he had issued were immediately taken out of circulation. Federal Reserve Notes continued to serve as the legal currency of the nation. According to the United States Secret Service, 99% of all U.S. paper "currency" circulating in 1999 are Federal Reserve Notes.

Kennedy knew that if the silver-backed United States Notes were widely circulated, they would have eliminated the demand for Federal Reserve Notes. This is a very simple matter of economics. The USN was backed by silver and the FRN was not backed by anything of intrinsic value. Executive Order 11110 should have prevented the national debt from reaching its current level (virtually all of the nearly $9 trillion in federal debt has been created since 1963) if LBJ or any subsequent President were to enforce it. It would have almost immediately given the U.S. Government the ability to repay its debt without going to the private Federal Reserve Banks and being charged interest to create new "money". Executive Order 11110 gave the U.S.A. the ability to, once again, create its own money backed by silver and realm value worth something.

Again, according to our own research, just five months after Kennedy was assassinated, no more of the Series 1958 "Silver Certificates" were issued either, and they were subsequently removed from circulation. Perhaps the assassination of JFK was a warning to all future presidents not to interfere with the private Federal Reserve's control over the creation of money. It seems very apparent that President Kennedy challenged the "powers that exist behind U.S. and world finance". With true patriotic courage, JFK boldly faced the two most successful vehicles that have ever been used to drive up debt:

1) war (Viet Nam); and,

2) the creation of money by a privately owned central bank. His efforts to have all U.S. troops out of Vietnam by 1965 combined with Executive Order 11110 would have destroyed the profits and control of the private Federal Reserve Bank.


Executive Order 11110

AMENDMENT OF EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 10289 AS AMENDED, RELATING TO THE PERFORMANCE OF CERTAIN FUNCTIONS AFFECTING THE DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY. By virtue of the authority vested in me by section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, it is ordered as follows:

SECTION 1. Executive Order No. 10289 of September 19, 1951, as amended, is hereby further amended - (a) By adding at the end of paragraph 1 thereof the following subparagraph (j): "(j) The authority vested in the President by paragraph (b) of section 43 of the Act of May 12, 1933, as amended (31 U.S.C. 821 (b)), to issue silver certificates against any silver bullion, silver, or standard silver dollars in the Treasury not then held for redemption of any outstanding silver certificates, to prescribe the denominations of such silver certificates, and to coin standard silver dollars and subsidiary silver currency for their redemption," and (b) By revoking subparagraphs (b) and (c) of paragraph 2 thereof. SECTION 2. The amendment made by this Order shall not affect any act done, or any right accruing or accrued or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any civil or criminal cause prior to the date of this Order but all such liabilities shall continue and may be enforced as if said amendments had not been made.



Once again, Executive Order 11110 is still valid. According to Title 3, United States Code, Section 301 dated January 26, 1998:

Executive Order (EO) 10289 dated Sept. 17, 1951, 16 F.R. 9499, was as amended by:

EO 10583, dated December 18, 1954, 19 F.R. 8725;

EO 10882 dated July 18, 1960, 25 F.R. 6869;

EO 11110 dated June 4, 1963, 28 F.R. 5605;

EO 11825 dated December 31, 1974, 40 F.R. 1003;

EO 12608 dated September 9, 1987, 52 F.R. 34617

The 1974 and 1987 amendments, added after Kennedy's 1963 amendment, did not change or alter any part of Kennedy's EO 11110. A search of Clinton's 1998 and 1999 EO's and Presidential Directives has also shown no reference to any alterations, suspensions, or changes to EO 11110.

The Federal Reserve Bank, a.k.a Federal Reserve System, is a Private Corporation. Black's Law Dictionary defines the "Federal Reserve System" as: "Network of twelve central banks to which most national banks belong and to which state chartered banks may belong. Membership rules require investment of stock and minimum reserves." Privately-owned banks own the stock of the FED. This was explained in more detail in the case of Lewis v. United States, Federal Reporter, 2nd Series, Vol. 680, Pages 1239, 1241 (1982), where the court said: "Each Federal Reserve Bank is a separate corporation owned by commercial banks in its region. The stock-holding commercial banks elect two thirds of each Bank's nine member board of directors".

The Federal Reserve Banks are locally controlled by their member banks. Once again, according to Black's Law Dictionary, we find that these privately owned banks actually issue money:

"Federal Reserve Act. Law which created Federal Reserve banks which act as agents in maintaining money reserves, issuing money in the form of bank notes, lending money to banks, and supervising banks. Administered by Federal Reserve Board (q.v.)".

The privately owned Federal Reserve (FED) banks actually issue (create) the "money" we use. In 1964, the House Committee on Banking and Currency, Subcommittee on Domestic Finance, at the second session of the 88th Congress, put out a study entitled Money Facts which contains a good description of what the FED is: "The Federal Reserve is a total money-making machine. It can issue money or checks. And it never has a problem of making its checks good because it can obtain the $5 and $10 bills necessary to cover its check simply by asking the Treasury Department's Bureau of Engraving to print them".

Any one person or any closely knit group who has a lot of money has a lot of power. Now imagine a group of people who have the power to create money. Imagine the power these people would have. This is exactly what the privately owned FED is!

No man did more to expose the power of the FED than Louis T. McFadden, who was the Chairman of the House Banking Committee back in the 1930s. In describing the FED, he remarked in the Congressional Record, House pages 1295 and 1296 on June 10, 1932:

"Mr. Chairman, we have in this country one of the most corrupt institutions the world has ever known. I refer to the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal reserve banks. The Federal Reserve Board, a Government Board, has cheated the Government of the United States and he people of the United States out of enough money to pay the national debt. The depredations and the iniquities of the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal reserve banks acting together have cost this country enough money to pay the national debt several times over. This evil institution has impoverished and ruined the people of the United States; has bankrupted itself, and has practically bankrupted our Government. It has done this through the maladministration of that law by which the Federal Reserve Board, and through the corrupt practices of the moneyed vultures who control it".

Some people think the Federal Reserve Banks are United States Government institutions. They are not Government institutions, departments, or agencies. They are private credit monopolies which prey upon the people of the United States for the benefit of themselves and their foreign customers. Those 12 private credit monopolies were deceitfully placed upon this country by bankers who came here from Europe and who repaid us for our hospitality by undermining our American institutions.

The FED basically works like this: The government granted its power to create money to the FED banks. They create money, then loan it back to the government charging interest. The government levies income taxes to pay the interest on the debt. On this point, it's interesting to note that the Federal Reserve Act and the sixteenth amendment, which gave congress the power to collect income taxes, were both passed in 1913. The incredible power of the FED over the economy is universally admitted. Some people, especially in the banking and academic communities, even support it. On the other hand, there are those, such as President John Fitzgerald Kennedy, that have spoken out against it. His efforts were spoken about in Jim Marrs' 1990 book Crossfire:"

Another overlooked aspect of Kennedy's attempt to reform American society involves money. Kennedy apparently reasoned that by returning to the constitution, which states that only Congress shall coin and regulate money, the soaring national debt could be reduced by not paying interest to the bankers of the Federal Reserve System, who print paper money then loan it to the government at interest. He moved in this area on June 4, 1963, by signing Executive Order 11110 which called for the issuance of $4,292,893,815 in United States Notes through the U.S. Treasury rather than the traditional Federal Reserve System. That same day, Kennedy signed a bill changing the backing of one and two dollar bills from silver to gold, adding strength to the weakened U.S. currency.

Kennedy's comptroller of the currency, James J. Saxon, had been at odds with the powerful Federal Reserve Board for some time, encouraging broader investment and lending powers for banks that were not part of the Federal Reserve system. Saxon also had decided that non-Reserve banks could underwrite state and local general obligation bonds, again weakening the dominant Federal Reserve banks".

In a comment made to a Columbia University class on Nov. 12, 1963,

Ten days before his assassination, President John Fitzgerald Kennedy allegedly said:

"The high office of the President has been used to foment a plot to destroy the American's freedom and before I leave office, I must inform the citizen of this plight."

In this matter, John Fitzgerald Kennedy appears to be the subject of his own book... a true Profile of Courage.

This research report was compiled for Lawgiver. Org. by Anthony Wayne


What is the Federal Reserve Bank?

What is the Federal Reserve Bank (FED) and why do we have it?

by Greg Hobbs November 1, 1999

The FED is a central bank. Central banks are supposed to implement a country's fiscal policies. They monitor commercial banks to ensure that they maintain sufficient assets, like cash, so as to remain solvent and stable. Central banks also do business, such as currency exchanges and gold transactions, with other central banks. In theory, a central bank should be good for a country, and they might be if it wasn't for the fact that they are not owned or controlled by the government of the country they are serving. Private central banks, including our FED, operate not in the interest of the public good but for profit.

There have been three central banks in our nation's history. The first two, while deceptive and fraudulent, pale in comparison to the scope and size of the fraud being perpetrated by our current FED. What they all have in common is an insidious practice known as "fractional banking."

Fractional banking or fractional lending is the ability to create money from nothing, lend it to the government or someone else and charge interest to boot. The practice evolved before banks existed. Goldsmiths rented out space in their vaults to individuals and merchants for storage of their gold or silver. The goldsmiths gave these "depositors" a certificate that showed the amount of gold stored. These certificates were then used to conduct business.

In time the goldsmiths noticed that the gold in their vaults was rarely withdrawn. Small amounts would move in and out but the large majority never moved. Sensing a profit opportunity, the goldsmiths issued double receipts for the gold, in effect creating money (certificates) from nothing and then lending those certificates (creating debt) to depositors and charging them interest as well.

Since the certificates represented more gold than actually existed, the certificates were "fractionally" backed by gold. Eventually some of these vault operations were transformed into banks and the practice of fractional banking continued.

Keep that fractional banking concept in mind as we examine our first central bank, the First Bank of the United States (BUS). It was created, after bitter dissent in the Congress, in 1791 and chartered for 20 years. A scam not unlike the current FED, the BUS used its control of the currency to defraud the public and establish a legal form of usury.

This bank practiced fractional lending at a 10:1 rate, ten dollars of loans for each dollar they had on deposit. This misuse and abuse of their public charter continued for the entire 20 years of their existence. Public outrage over these abuses was such that the charter was not renewed and the bank ceased to exist in 1811.

The war of 1812 left the country in economic chaos, seen by bankers as another opportunity for easy profits. They influenced Congress to charter the second central bank, the Second Bank of the United States (SBUS), in 1816.

The SBUS was more expansive than the BUS. The SBUS sold franchises and literally doubled the number of banks in a short period of time. The country began to boom and move westward, which required money. Using fractional lending at the 10:1 rate, the central bank and their franchisees created the debt/money for the expansion.

Things boomed for a while, then the banks decided to shut off the debt/money, citing the need to control inflation. This action on the part of the SBUS caused bankruptcies and foreclosures. The banks then took control of the assets that were used as security against the loans.

Closely examine how the SBUS engineered this cycle of prosperity and depression. The central bank caused inflation by creating debt/money for loans and credit and making these funds readily available. The economy boomed. Then they used the inflation which they created as an excuse to shut off the loans/credit/money.

The resulting shortage of cash caused the economy to falter or slow dramatically and large numbers of business and personal bankruptcies resulted. The central bank then seized the assets used as security for the loans. The wealth created by the borrowers during the boom was then transferred to the central bank during the bust. And you always wondered how the big guys ended up with all the marbles.

Now, who do you think is responsible for all of the ups and downs in our economy over the last 85 years? Think about the depression of the late '20s and all through the '30s. The FED could have pumped lots of debt/money into the market to stimulate the economy and get the country back on track, but did they? No; in fact, they restricted the money supply quite severely. We all know the results that occurred from that action, don't we?

Why would the FED do this? During that period asset values and stocks were at rock bottom prices. Who do you think was buying everything at 10 cents on the dollar? I believe that it is referred to as consolidating the wealth. How many times have they already done this in the last 85 years?

Do you think they will do it again?

Just as an aside at this point, look at today's economy. Markets are declining. Why? Because the FED has been very liberal with its debt/credit/money. The market was hyper inflated. Who creates inflation? The FED. How does the FED deal with inflation? They restrict the debt/credit/money. What happens when they do that? The market collapses.

Several months back, after certain central banks said they would be selling large quantities of gold, the price of gold fell to a 25-year low of about $260 per ounce. The central banks then bought gold. After buying at the bottom, a group of 15 central banks announced that they would be restricting the amount of gold released into the market for the next five years. The price of gold went up $75.00 per ounce in just a few days. How many hundreds of billions of dollars did the central banks make with those two press releases?

Gold is generally considered to be a hedge against more severe economic conditions. Do you think that the private banking families that own the FED are buying or selling equities at this time? (Remember: buy low, sell high.) How much money do you think these FED owners have made since they restricted the money supply at the top of this last current cycle?

Alan Greenspan has said publicly on several occasions that he thinks the market is overvalued, or words to that effect. Just a hint that he will raise interest rates (restrict the money supply), and equity markets have a negative reaction. Governments and politicians do not rule central banks, central banks rule governments and politicians. President Andrew Jackson won the presidency in 1828 with the promise to end the national debt and eliminate the SBUS. During his second term President Jackson withdrew all government funds from the bank and on January 8, 1835, paid off the national debt. He is the only president in history to have this distinction. The charter of the SBUS expired in 1836.

Without a central bank to manipulate the supply of money, the United States experienced unprecedented growth for 60 or 70 years, and the resulting wealth was too much for bankers to endure. They had to get back into the game. So, in 1910 Senator Nelson Aldrich, then Chairman of the National Monetary Commission, in collusion with representatives of the European central banks, devised a plan to pressure and deceive Congress into enacting legislation that would covertly establish a private central bank.

This bank would assume control over the American economy by controlling the issuance of its money. After a huge public relations campaign, engineered by the foreign central banks, the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 was slipped through Congress during the Christmas recess, with many members of the Congress absent. President Woodrow Wilson, pressured by his political and financial backers, signed it on December 23, 1913.

The act created the Federal Reserve System, a name carefully selected and designed to deceive. "Federal" would lead one to believe that this is a government organization. "Reserve" would lead one to believe that the currency is being backed by gold and silver. "System" was used in lieu of the word "bank" so that one would not conclude that a new central bank had been created.

In reality, the act created a private, for profit, central banking corporation owned by a cartel of private banks. Who owns the FED? The Rothschilds of London and Berlin; Lazard Brothers of Paris; Israel Moses Seif of Italy; Kuhn, Loeb and Warburg of Germany; and the Lehman Brothers, Goldman, Sachs and the Rockefeller families of New York.

Did you know that the FED is the only for-profit corporation in America that is exempt from both federal and state taxes? The FED takes in about one trillion dollars per year tax free! The banking families listed above get all that money.

Almost everyone thinks that the money they pay in taxes goes to the US Treasury to pay for the expenses of the government. Do you want to know where your tax dollars really go? If you look at the back of any check made payable to the IRS you will see that it has been endorsed as "Pay Any F.R.B. Branch or Gen. Depository for Credit U.S. Treas. This is in Payment of U.S. Oblig." Yes, that's right, every dime you pay in income taxes is given to those private banking families, commonly known as the FED, tax free.

Like many of you, I had some difficulty with the concept of creating money from nothing. You may have heard the term "monetizing the debt," which is kind of the same thing. As an example, if the US Government wants to borrow $1 million the government does borrow every dollar it spends they go to the FED to borrow the money. The FED calls the Treasury and says print 10,000 Federal Reserve Notes (FRN) in units of one hundred dollars.

The Treasury charges the FED 2.3 cents for each note, for a total of $230 for the 10,000 FRNs. The FED then lends the $1 million to the government at face value plus interest. To add insult to injury, the government has to create a bond for $1 million as security for the loan. And the rich get richer. The above was just an example, because in reality the FED does not even print the money; it's just a computer entry in their accounting system. To put this on a more personal level, let's use another example.

Today's banks are members of the Federal Reserve Banking System. This membership makes it legal for them to create money from nothing and lend it to you. Today's banks, like the goldsmiths of old, realize that only a small fraction of the money deposited in their banks is ever actually withdrawn in the form of cash. Only about 4 percent of all the money that exists is in the form of currency. The rest of it is simply a computer entry.

Let's say you're approved to borrow $10,000 to do some home improvements. You know that the bank didn't actually take $10,000 from its pile of cash and put it into your pile? They simply went to their computer and input an entry of $10,000 into your account. They created, from thin air, a debt which you have to secure with an asset and repay with interest. The bank is allowed to create and lend as much debt as they want as long as they do not exceed the 10:1 ratio imposed by the FED.

It sort of puts a new slant on how you view your friendly bank, doesn't it? How about those loan committees that scrutinize you with a microscope before approving the loan they created from thin air. What a hoot! They make it complex for a reason. They don't want you to understand what they are doing. People fear what they do not understand. You are easier to delude and control when you are ignorant and afraid.

Now to put the frosting on this cake. When was the income tax created? If you guessed 1913, the same year that the FED was created, you get a gold star. Coincidence? What are the odds? If you are going to use the FED to create debt, who is going to repay that debt? The income tax was created to complete the illusion that real money had been lent and therefore real money had to be repaid. And you thought Houdini was good.

So, what can be done? My father taught me that you should always stand up for what is right, even if you have to stand up alone.

If "We the People" don't take some action now, there may come a time when "We the People" are no more. You should write a letter or send an email to each of your elected representatives. Many of our elected representatives do not understand the FED. Once informed they will not be able to plead ignorance and remain silent.

Article 1, Section 8 of the US Constitution specifically says that Congress is the only body that can "coin money and regulate the value thereof." The US Constitution has never been amended to allow anyone other than Congress to coin and regulate currency.

Ask your representative, in light of that information, how it is possible for the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, and the Federal Reserve Bank that it created, to be constitutional. Ask them why this private banking cartel is allowed to reap trillions of dollars in profits without paying taxes. Insist on an answer.

Thomas Jefferson said, "If the America people ever allow private banks to control the issuance of their currencies, first by inflation and then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around them will deprive the people of all their prosperity until their children will wake up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered."

Jefferson saw it coming 150 years ago. The question is, "Can you now see what is in store for us if we allow the FED to continue controlling our country?"

"The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he breaks, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime, and the punishment of his guilt."

John P. Curran, 1790

Source: http://www.roc-grp.org/jfk.html


In an amazing court case involving the "income tax", a Chattanooga jury agreed with the argument by the defendant that the "income tax" is actually an "Excise Tax" and applies only to certain classes of people. [U.S. v. Long, Eastern District of Tennessee. CR 19391. October 15, 1993]

Nationally prominent attorney, Lowell Becraft of Huntsville, AL, assisted by attorney Russell J. Leonard of Sewanee, TN, defended Lloyd R. Long of Decherd, TN, who was charged by the Internal Revenue Service with willful failure to file income tax returns for the years 1989 and 1990.
In presenting the case for the Internal Revenue Service, assistant U.S. Attorney Curtis Collier, assisted by special agent Michael Greasley of the IRS, declared that Mr. Long had gross income in excess of $49,000 for each of the years 1989 and 1990, and that he had "willfully" failed to file income tax returns for those years as "required by law".
The defense admitted that Mr. Long did in fact have income in excess of $49,000 for each of the years in question, and that he did not file a return. He then proceeded to prove to the jury beyond a reasonable doubt
that he was not "liable" for an income tax, nor was he "required by law" to file.
Defense testimony presented a case entitled Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad wherein it was the unanimous decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that the Sixteenth Amendment did not give Congress any new power to tax any new subjects; it merely tried to simplify the way in which tax was imposed. It also showed that the income tax was in fact an excise tax on corporate privileges and privileged occupations. The defense then brought a case entitled Flint v. Stone Tracy, wherein an excise tax was defined as being a tax laid upon the manufacture, sale and consumption of commodities within the country; upon licenses to pursue certain occupations and upon corporate privileges. Mr. Long's attorneys also brought out a case entitled Simms v. Arehns, where in the court ruled that the income tax was neither a property tax nor a tax upon occupations of common right, but was an excise tax.
The defense then brought out a case entitled Redfield v. Fisher, wherein the court ruled that the individual, unlike the corporation, cannot be taxed for the mere privilege of existing, but that the individual's right to live and own property was a natural right upon which an excise cannot be imposed. Defense also noted studies done by the Congressional Research Service showing the Income Tax to be an Excise Tax.
Next, the defense noted that in a Tennessee Supreme Court case, Jack Cole v. Commissioner, the court ruled that citizens are entitled by right to INCOME or EARNINGS and that right could not be taxed as a privilege. In another Tennessee Supreme Court case, Corn v. For, the court ruled that individuals have a right to combine their activities as partnerships; and that this is a natural right, independent and antecedent of the government.
The prosecution did not challenge or attempt to refute any of the cases cited, nor the conclusions of the courts.
Defense brought out in testimony the fact that nowhere in the entire Internal Revenue Code was anyone actually made liable for the income tax. The IRS's own privacy act notice cites only three sections, and none of these sections makes anyone liable for the tax. They also proved that this was not an oversight by showing that the alcohol tax was worded so clearly that no one could misinterpret who is made liable for the alcohol tax.
Prosecution did not challenge or attempt to refute this point, nor were they able to show a statute that made anyone liable for the income tax.
Defense then presented the mission statement of the Internal Revenue Service stating that the income tax relied upon "voluntary compliance" and a statement from the head of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division of the IRS, which showed that the income tax is 100% voluntary, as opposed to the alcohol tax which is 100% enforced. Mr. Long stated that in 1988 he knew that: the income tax was in fact an excise
tax; that he was not enjoying any corporate privileges nor engaged in any privileged occupation; that income or earnings from the exercise of common rights could not be taxed as an excise or otherwise; that nowhere in the Internal Revenue Code was he made liable for the tax and the income tax was voluntary. But Mr. Long was still so intimidated by the IRS that he filed and paid his voluntary assessment.
He then began a series of letters to the IRS explaining that he had no licenses or privileges issued to him by the federal government. He asked for direct answers to questions such as: "Am I required to file federal income tax returns?" and "Am I liable for federal income taxes?" The IRS never gave a direct answer to any of his questions. Instead they inferred and insinuated and extrapolated and beat around the bush, and generally avoided answering. So Mr. Long testified that he decided to stop "volunteering."
The IRS brought in two "expert" witnesses. Both were actually IRS employees who had received training as professional witnesses. Upon cross examination by Mr. Becraft, one witness, a Ms. Jeu, stated that a secret code known only to the IRS, and encoded on Mr. Long's permanent record, showed that the IRS knew that he was not required to mail or file a return. Ms. Jeu made every effort to avoid this admission, to the point that she was beginning to frustrate the jury. The other witness, upon cross-examination by Mr. Becraft, gave testimony that conflicted with the privacy act notice.
The government also attempted to insinuate "guilt by association" by claiming Mr. Long had known and relied upon persons of questionable character. They argued that the writers of some of the books he read, and people he knew, had been convicted of tax-related charges in the past and were in fact criminals.
Mr. Long responded that just because a person had been convicted of a crime by a court that did not invalidate everything he said. To illustrate his point, he pointed out that the Apostle Paul was a murderer, but that by the Grace of God he became the greatest of the Apostles. He added that he, Mr. Long, did not rely on anything that he did not personally check out thoroughly.
In summation, Mr. Becraft reminded the jury that Galileo was imprisoned for holding a belief that conflicted with what everyone else knew was a "fact" and that Columbus, acting on a belief that conflicted with what everyone else knew was a "fact" discovered something no one else thought existed.
The jury agreed with the defense. By finding Mr. Long "not guilty" on all counts, they have ventured into uncharted territory in their monumental decision.
A Chattanooga TV station quoted the government spokesman as saying that this case will change the way the IRS will handle such cases in the future. They indicated that they (the government) would be less likely to prosecute if a jury isn't going to decide in their favor.


Opt Out of Paying Taxes
Public Notice of Treason
Sovereign Right of a Natural Person to Operate a Private Vehicle
Privacy Act of 1974
Warrant Notice
Writ of a Freeman's Right to Travel
Reclaimed, Undisputed & Inalienable Rights

Could it Happen Again?
Scores Killed, Hundreds Injured
As Para-Military Extremists Riot

Boston, April 20?National Guard units seeking to confiscate a cache of recently banned assault weapons were ambushed on April 19th by elements of a para-military extremist faction. Military and law enforcement sources estimate that 72 were killed and more than 200 injured before government forces were compelled to withdraw.

Speaking after the clash, Massachusetts governor Thomas Gage declared that the extremist faction, which was made up of local citizens, has made up of local citizens, has links to the radical right-wing tax protest movement. Gage blamed the extremists for recent incidents of vandalism directed against internal revenue offices.

The governor, who described the group's organizers as ?criminals,? issued an executive order authorizing the summary arrest of any individual who has interfered with the government's efforts to secure law and order.

The military raid on the extremist arsenal followed widespread refusal by the local citizenry to turn over recently outlawed assault weapons. Gage issued a ban on military-style assault weapons and ammunition earlier in the week.

This decision followed a meeting in early April between government and military leaders at which the governor authorized the forcible confiscation of illegal arms. One government official, speaking on condition of anonymity, pointed out that ?none of these people would have been killed had the extremists obeyed the law and turned over their weapons voluntarily.?

Government troops initially succeeded in confiscating a large supply of outlawed weapons and ammunition. However, troops attempting to seize arms and ammunition in Lexington met with resistance from heavily-armed extremists who had been tipped off regarding the government's plans.

During a tense standoff in Lexington's town park, National Guard Colonel Francis Smith, commander of the government operation, ordered the armed group to surrender and return to their homes. The impasse was broken by a single shot, which was reportedly fired by one of the right-wing extremists.

Eight civilians were killed in the ensuing exchange.

Ironically, the local citizenry blamed government forces rather than the extremists for the civilian deaths. Before order could be restored, armed citizens from surrounding areas had descended upon the guard units. Colonel Smith, finding his forces overmatched by the armed mob, ordered a retreat.

Governor Gage has called upon citizens to support the state/national joint task force in its effort to restore law and order. The governor has also demanded the surrender of those responsible for planning and leading the attack against the government troops. Samuel Adams, Paul Revere, and John Hancock, who have been identified as ?ringleaders' of the extremist faction, remain at large.

Why the Left Hates the Declaration of Independence
By Hans Zeiger

Since I was six years old, a poster of the Declaration of Independence has hung on my bedroom wall. That's one reason why I turned out to be a young conservative. But I don't suppose many Leftists have posters of the Declaration of Independence hanging in their homes and workplaces. They've managed to take it out of the schools too. It seems the Left would rather burn it.

The Declaration is of equal importance to the Constitution, because it is the founding creed of the United States. It is a classic doctrine of American ideals that is the foundation of the constitution and the American way of life.

Most importantly, the Declaration of Independence is a spiritual statement of dependence on God. For that reason and the fact that the rights identified in the Declaration come from God, the Left wants to keep the Declaration of Independence hidden from the view of elementary school children and college students alike.

The New Jersey State Assembly passed a bill in 1999 to require school children to recite the Declaration of Independence, and the Left sent out forces to vigorously lobby against it in the state senate. The New Jersey Education Association said the Declaration of Independence is "too jingoistic" and the reference to God crosses the line between separation of church and state. Eventually, the bill was defeated.

What was New Jersey's proposed recitation? It happens to be the vision statement of America: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, that to secure these rights governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed."

If somehow the Declaration of Independence can be presented absent of its core principles, the Left will engage in historical revisionism with great fervor. This is the task of Harvard law professor Alan Dershowitz in his latest book America Declares Independence. Dershowitz spends most of his time attacking conservatives for believing in the essential Declaration of Independence. "It should come as no surprise that [the Declaration has] been wrenched out of context by partisan pleaders to promote parochial causes," he writes.

Unfortunately for the revisionist, Mr. Dershowitz, the pure and unaltered Declaration is not a document lacking in honest words and comprehensive discussion of context. The British crown is thoroughly taken to task and the practical reasoning for doing so is expounded in great detail. And if it's the simple truths of the Declaration that Mr. Dershowitz is so disturbed by, he should remember that they don't need context. They're "self-evident."

The Declaration of Independence is not a fresh abridged translation courtesy of the religious right as Dershowitz contends. The original parchment leaves no stone unturned in its quest to summarize the truth about government and natural rights. Besides identifying the source of rights (God), the investiture of rights (individuals), and the definition of a legitimate government (consent of the governed), the Declaration lists the three things that a free people must be willing to sacrifice to preserve their liberty. The founders wrote, "We mutually pledge to each other our lives, fortunes, and sacred honor."

So why is the Left so virulently intolerant of the Declaration of Independence? Because it presents a political and philosophical worldview entirely inconsistent with the liberal view that rights come from the government or Mother Earth, that rights are invested in groups and classes of people, and that preserving freedom is a task that can be met through the effortless consumption of rights.

The Left says that we must move beyond the perspectives of slave-owning white males known as the Founding Fathers, that we must cling to the prospects of change and moral relativism. It just so happens that the sacred words of the founding fathers were the summation of freedom for millions of 19th century southern slaves who rejoiced in their emancipation that all human beings "are created equal."

The Left will continue to distort, revise, and shred the Declaration of Independence as long as we allow them to do so.

President Calvin Coolidge wouldn't allow the Left to burn the Declaration when he delivered a 4th of July oration 77 years ago. In it, he summed up the disparity between liberalism and the Declaration of Independence.

"If all men are created equal, that is final. If they are endowed with inalienable rights, that is final. No advance, no progress can be made beyond these propositions. If anyone wishes to deny their truth or their soundness, the only direction in which he can proceed historically is not forward, but backward toward the time when there was no equality, no rights of the individual, no rule of the people. Those who wish to proceed in that direction cannot lay claim to progress. They are reactionary. Their ideas are not more modern, but more ancient than those of the Revolutionary Fathers."

Let's never forget that we're the real progressives when we believe in the Declaration of Independence.

The Declaration of Independence

Our nation was born amid struggle and strife. Although the rift with Great Britain had been widening for many years, and had broken into open conflict on April 19, 1775 at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts, most historical accounts of the First American Revolution cite the adoption of this Declaration as the formal act of war by which the battle for freedom from British tyranny was begun.

Every American should read and understand this document. Here is our great charter of unalienable human rights: "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness." All the rest of American government -- the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, the manifold acts of Congress -- all of them must comport with this fundamentally American vision of self government, expressed so eloquently more than 225 years ago.

Action of Second Continental Congress, July 4, 1776
The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen
United States of America

WHEN in the Course of human Events, it becomes necessary for one People to dissolve the Political Bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the Earth, the separate and equal Station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent Respect to the Opinions of Mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the Separation.

WE hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness -- That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its Foundation on such Principles, and organizing its Powers in such Form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient Causes; and accordingly all Experience hath shewn, that Mankind are more disposed to suffer, while Evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the Forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long Train of Abuses and Usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a Design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their Right, it is their Duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future Security. Such has been the patient Sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the Necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The History of the present King of Great- Britain is a History of repeated Injuries and Usurpations, all having in direct Object the Establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid World.

HE has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public Good.

HE has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing Importance, unless suspended in their Operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

HE has refused to pass other Laws for the Accommodation of large Districts of People, unless those People would relinquish the Right of Representation in the Legislature, a Right inestimable to them, and formidable to Tyrants only.

HE has called together Legislative Bodies at Places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the Depository of their public Records, for the sole Purpose of fatiguing them into Compliance with his Measures.

HE has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly Firmness his Invasions on the Rights of the People.

HE has refused for a long Time, after such Dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of the Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the Dangers of Invasion from without, and the Convulsions within.

HE has endeavoured to prevent the Population of these States; for that Purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their Migrations hither, and raising the Conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

HE has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.

HE has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the Tenure of their Offices, and the Amount and Payment of their Salaries.

HE has erected a Multitude of new Offices, and sent hither Swarms of Officers to harrass our People, and eat out their Substance.

HE has kept among us, in Times of Peace, Standing Armies, without the consent of our Legislatures.

HE has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.

HE has combined with others to subject us to a Jurisdiction foreign to our Constitution, and unacknowledged by our Laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

FOR quartering large Bodies of Armed Troops among us;

FOR protecting them, by a mock Trial, from Punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

FOR cutting off our Trade with all Parts of the World:

FOR imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

FOR depriving us, in many Cases, of the Benefits of Trial by Jury:

FOR transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended Offences:

FOR abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an arbitrary Government, and enlarging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an Example and fit Instrument for introducing the same absolute Rules into these Colonies:

FOR taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

FOR suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with Power to legislate for us in all Cases whatsoever.

HE has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

HE has plundered our Seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our Towns, and destroyed the Lives of our People.

HE is, at this Time, transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the Works of Death, Desolation, and Tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty and Perfidy, scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous Ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized Nation.

HE has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the Executioners of their Friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

HE has excited domestic Insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the Inhabitants of our Frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known Rule of Warfare, is an undistinguished Destruction, of all Ages, Sexes and Conditions.

IN every stage of these Oppressions we have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble Terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated Injury. A Prince, whose Character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the Ruler of a free People.

NOR have we been wanting in Attentions to our British Brethren. We have warned them from Time to Time of Attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable Jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the Circumstances of our Emigration and Settlement here. We have appealed to their native Justice and Magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the Ties of our common Kindred to disavow these Usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our Connections and Correspondence. They too have been deaf to the Voice of Justice and of Consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the Necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of Mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace, Friends.

WE, therefore, the Representatives of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, in GENERAL CONGRESS, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the Rectitude of our Intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly Publish and Declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES; that they are absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political Connection between them and the State of Great-Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which INDEPENDENT STATES may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm Reliance on the Protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.

John Hancock.
GEORGIA, Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, Geo. Walton.
NORTH-CAROLINA, Wm. Hooper, Joseph Hewes, John Penn.
SOUTH-CAROLINA, Edward Rutledge, Thos Heyward, junr., Thomas Lynch, junr., Arthur Middleton.
MARYLAND, Samuel Chase, Wm. Paca, Thos. Stone, Charles Carroll, of Carrollton.
VIRGINIA, George Wythe, Richard Henry Lee, Ths. Jefferson, Benja. Harrison, Thos. Nelson, jr., Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton.
PENNSYLVANIA, Robt. Morris, Benjamin Rush, Benja. Franklin, John Morton, Geo. Clymer, Jas. Smith, Geo. Taylor, James Wilson, Geo. Ross.
DELAWARE, Caesar Rodney, Geo. Read.
NEW-YORK, Wm. Floyd, Phil. Livingston, Frank Lewis, Lewis Morris.
NEW-JERSEY, Richd. Stockton, Jno. Witherspoon, Fras. Hopkinson, John Hart, Abra. Clark.
NEW-HAMPSHIRE, Josiah Bartlett, Wm. Whipple, Matthew Thornton.
MASSACHUSETTS-BAY, Saml. Adams, John Adams, Robt. Treat Paine, Elbridge Gerry.
RHODE-ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE, C. Step. Hopkins, William Ellery.
CONNECTICUT, Roger Sherman, Saml. Huntington, Wm. Williams, Oliver Wolcott.

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